Definition of AI
Still under debate, and often challenged by the computer scientists and engineers, but some definition of AI makes the societal and ethical discussion about AI more valuable.
The definition by the European High-Level Expert Group is a good starting point:
“Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to systems that display intelligent behaviour by analysing their environment and taking actions – with some degree of autonomy – to achieve specific goals.
AI-based systems can be purely software-based, acting in the virtual world (e.g. voice assistants, image analysis software, search engines, speech and face recognition systems) or AI can be embedded in hardware devices (e.g. advanced robots, autonomous cars, drones or Internet of Things applications).”